Canada

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091513 0139 Canada1 Canada Canada is the world’s second-largest country (9 970 610 km2), surpassed only by the Russian Federation.

Capital – Ottawa, in the province of Ontario.

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories, each with its own capital city (in brackets). Diversity is the keynote of Canada’s geography, which includes fertile plains suitable for agriculture, vast mountain ranges, lakes and rivers. Canada’s most populous regions, which lie in the country’s south along the U.S. border, enjoy four distinct seasons. Here daytime summer temperatures can rise to +35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. More moderate temperatures are the norm in spring and autumn.

Canada’s terrain incorporates a number of mountain ranges. There are some two million lakes in Canada, covering about 7.6% of the Canadian landmass. The St. Lawrence (3058 km long) is Canada’s most 6 important river, providing a seaway for ships from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. The longest Canadian River is the Mackenzie, which flows 4241 km through the Northwest Territories.

Canada has six time zones.

Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a federal state with a democratic parliament. The Parliament of Canada, in Ottawa, consists of the House of Com-r. I mons, whose members are elected, and the Senate, whose members are appointed. On average, members la of Parliament are elected every four years.

Since the 1965 introduction of the Canadian flag, the maple leaf has become the country’s most important symbol.

Several people participated in designing the Canadian flag. Jacques St. Cyr contributed the stylised maple leaf, George Bist the proportions, and Dr. Gunter Wyszechi the coloration. The final determination of all aspects of the new flag was made by a 15-member parliamentary committee, which is formally credited with the design. After lengthy debate, the new flag was adopted by Parliament. It officially became the national flag on February 15, 1965, now recognised as Canada’s Flag Day.

The Canadian dollar is divided into 100 cents.

As of the summer of 1996, Canada’s population was over 30 million. A large majority of Canadians, 77 percent, live in cities and towns. As of July 1, 1996, the leading Canadian cities are Toronto (4.44 million), Montreal (3.36 million), Vancouver (1.89 million), Ottawa-Hull, and the National Capital Region (1.03 million).

According to the 1991 census, more than four-fifths of Canadians are Christian, with Catholics accounting for about 47% of the population and Protestants about 36%.

Canada has two official languages: English, the i mother tongue of about 59% of Canadians; and French, the first language of 23% of the population.

The Official Languages Act makes French and English the official languages of Canada and provides for special measures aimed at enhancing the vitality and supporting the development of English and French linguistic minority communities. Canada’s federal institutions reflect the equality of its two official languages by offering bilingual services.

Leading Industries these include automobile manufacturing, pulp and paper, iron and steelwork, machinery and equipment manufacturing, mining, extraction of fossil fuels forestry and agriculture. Canada’s leading exports are automobile vehicle and parts, machinery and equipment, high-technology products, oil, natural gas, metals, and forest and farm products.

 

 

Канада – вторая в мире страна по своей величине.

Канада имеет 10 провинций и 3 территории, каждый с ее собственной столицей. Разнообразие географии Канады включает плодородные равнины, подходящие для сельского хозяйства, крупных горных цепей, озер и рек.

Местность Канады включает ряд горных цепей. В Канаде приблизительно два миллиона озер, занимающие приблизительно 7,6 % территории. Река Св.Лаврентия (длиной 3058 км) с шестью важными реками обеспечивают фарватер для кораблей от Великих Озер до Атлантического Океана. Самая длинная Канадская Река – Маккензи длиной 4241 км протекает через Северо-западные Территории.

Канада имеет шесть часовых поясов.

Канада – конституционная монархия и федеративным устройством с демократическим парламентом. Парламент Канады находится в Оттаве, состоит из парламента, члены которого избираются и сената, члены которого назначаются элементы назначены. В среднем члены Парламента избираются каждые четыре года.

Канадский доллар равен 100 центам.

К лету 1996 года население Канады составляло чем 30 миллионов. Большинство канадцев, 77 процентов, живет в городах и городах. На 1 июля, 1996, крупные канадские города – Торонто (4.44 миллиона), Монреаль (3.36 миллиона), Ванкувер (1.89 миллион), Корпус Оттавы, и Национальная Область Капитала (1.03 миллион).

Согласно 1991 статистике, каждый четвертый – пятый канадец –христианин, католиков – 47 % населения и протестантов приблизительно 36 %.

Канада имеет два официальных языка: английский, родной который для 59 % канадцев; и французский, на котором говорят 23 % населения.

Отрасли промышленности включают производство автомобиля, сырье и бумага, железо и сталь, оборудование и производство оборудования, горную промышленность, деревообработка и сельского хозяйства. Ведущий экспорт Канады — автотранспорт и запчасти, оборудование, высокие технологии, нефть, природный газ, металлы, и лес.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada — second in the world country on the magnitude.

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories, each with its own capital. The variety of geography of Canada includes fertile flat nesses approaching for an agriculture, large mountain circuits, lakes and rivers.

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The district of Canada includes a number of mountain circuits. In Canada approximately two million lakes territories, engaging approximately 7,6 %. The river St. Lawrence (length 3058 kms) with six important rivers ensure a waterway for the ships(spacecrafts) from Great Lakes up to the Atlantic Ocean. The longest Canadian River — Mackenzie in length 4241 kms flows past through Northwest Territories.

Canada has six time zones.

Canada — constitutional monarchy and federal system) with democratic parliament. The parliament of Canada is in Ottawa, consists of parliament, which members are selected also of senate, which members are nominated elements are appointed. On the average members of Parliament are selected each four years.

Canadian dollar is equal to 100 cents.

To summer of a 1996 the population of Canada made than 30 millions. The majority канадцев, 77 percents(interests), lives in cities and cities. On July 1, 1996, large canadian cities — Toronto (4.44 million), Montreal (3.36 million), Vancouver (1.89 million), Tank of Ottawa, and National Area of the Capital (1.03 million).

1991 statistics, each fourth — fifth canadian the christian, Catholics — 47 % of the population and протестантов approximately 36 % agree.

Canada has two official languages: English, native which for 59 % canadian; and French, on which speak 23 % of the population.

The industries include production of the automobile, raw material and paper, iron and steel, equipment and production of the equipment, mountain industry, extraction of fossil fuels forestry and agriculture. Leading export of Canada — truck and spare parts, equipment, high technologies, petroleum, natural gas, metals, and wood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Словарь

 

English – Russian Vocabulary 

   

appoint 

назначать 

border 

граничить, граница 

capital

капитал, столица

diversity

разнесение

majority

большинство

suitable

подходящий

mountain

гора

incorporates

соединяется

covering 

покрытие

longest 

самый длинный

constitutional monarchy 

конституционная монархия

introduction 

введение

proportions 

пропорции(соотношения)

important 

важный

determination 

определение

vitality 

живучесть

supporting 

поддержка

communities 

объединения

institutions 

учреждения

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ

 

 

  1. Дубровская С.Г., Дубинина Д.Б., Соколова Н.П., Английский язык/ Под ред. Дубровской С.Г. М., 2003.
  2. Канада: Пособие по страноведению. М., 2001.
  3. Dictionary English — Russian, Russian — English/Словарь англо — русский, русско – английский. М., 2003.

     

     

     

     


     

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