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Forms of Businesses in The USA

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091513 0238 FormsofBusi1 Forms of Businesses in The USA Businesses in the USA may be organized as one the following forms:

  • individual business
  • general partnership
  • limited partnership
  • alien corporation

An individual business is owned by one person.

A general partnership has several owners. They all are liable for debt’s and they share profits.

A limited partnership has’ got at least one general owner and one or more partners owners. They have only a limited investment and a limited liability.

A corporation is owner by persons, called stockholders. The holders usually have certificates showing the number of shares which they own. The stockholders elect a director or directors to operate the corporation. Most corporations are closed corporations, with only a few stockholders. Other corporations are owned by many stockholders who buy and sell their shares at will. Usually they little interest in management of the corporations.

Alien corporations are corporations of foreign countries. All the corporation are to receive their charers from the slate authomies. The charers state all the powers of the corporation. Many corporations try to receive their charter from the authorities of the State of Delaware, though they operate in other states. They prefer the State of Delaware because the laws are liberal there and the taxation is rathes low. Such corporations, which receive their charters from an outside state are called foreign corporations.

All the corporations require a certificate to be business in the state where they prefer to operate.

 

 

 

2. Answer the following questions:

1) What are the forms of business in USA?

Businesses in the USA may be organized as one the following forms: individual business; general partnership; limited partnership; alien corporation

 

2) What corporations are called foreign corporation?

Alien corporations are corporations of foreign countries. All the corporation are to receive their charers from the slate authomies. The charers state all the powers of the corporation. Many corporations try to receive their charter from the authorities of the State of Delaware, though they operate in other states. They prefer the State of Delaware because the laws are liberal there and the taxation is rathes low. Such corporations, which receive their charters from an outside state are called foreign corporations.

 

3) What can you say about general partnership and limited partnership?

A general partnership has several owners. They all are liable for debt’s and they share profits.

A limited partnership has’ got at least one general owner and one or more partners owners. They have only a limited investment and a limited liability.

 

3. Подчеркните главные члены предложений в тексте и определите время глаголов –сказуемых.

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4. Translate into Russian:

General partnership – товарищество с неограниченной ответственностью

To be liable for debts – быть ответственным за долги

To share in profits – доля в прибыли

Limited partnership – коммандитное товарищество

To have a limited investment – иметь ограниченные инвестиции

To have a limited liability corporation – владеть корпорацией с ограниченной ответственностью

Closed corporation– закрытое акционерное общество

Stockholders – акционеры

Certificates showing the number of shares they own – Реестр номеров акций, принадлежащих их владельцам

Stockholders of ordinary corporations buy and sell shares at will – Акционеры обычных корпораций свободно покупают и продают акции

Stockholders of ordinary corporations have little interesting management of corporations – акционеры обычных корпораций имеют небольшой интерес к управлению корпорациями

Alien corporations are corporations of foreign countries – Иностранные корпорации — корпорации зарубежных государств

 

5. Образуйте существительные следующих слов:

To moest –…

To profit – profitableness

To operate – an operate

To require – the requirement ( a require)

To build – a build

To prefer – a preference ( a prefer)

 

6. Find the English equivalents in the text:

1) Владельцы генеральных товариществ несут ответственность по долгам и участвуют в распределении прибыли;

A general partnership has several owners. They all are liable for debt’s and they share profits.

2) Владельцы ограниченных товариществ делают ограниченные инвестиции и несут ограниченную ответственность;

A limited partnership has’ got at least one general owner and one or more partners owners. They have only a limited investment and a limited liability.

3) Акционеры обычных корпораций мало интересуются вопросами управления корпорации;

Other corporations are owned by many stockholders who buy and sell their shares at will. Usually they little interest in management of the corporations.

4) Акционеры различных корпораций обычно имеют сертификаты, в где указано количество акций, которые они имеют;

The holders usually have certificates showing the number of shares which they own.

5) Большинство корпораций – корпорации закрытого типа с небольшим числом акционеров;

Most corporations are closed corporations, with only a few stockholders.

6) Корпорации должны получить регистрационные документы от властей штата;

Many corporations try to receive their charter from the authorities of the State of Delaware, though they operate in other states

7) Корпорации должны получить сертификат (лицензию) в том штате, где они хотят функционировать.

All the corporations require a certificate to be business in the state where they prefer to operate.

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