Grammar

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062615 1639 Grammar1 GrammarI. Choose the correct variant

 

1. Could you close b window please

a. a b. the c. an d.

2. We are going for a walk. You can go with b

a. we b. us c. our d. ours

3. It was a through train so we c change trains.

a. mustn’t b. hadn’t c. didn’t have to d. had not to

4. You’d better b out alone at night


a. not to go b. don’t go c. not go d. didn’t go

5. A vegetarian is someone b doesn’t eat meat

a. whom b. who c. which d. whose

6. It was raining when Kate d the bus.

a. waits b. was expecting c. expected d. was waiting for

7. They were supposed c with us till Monday

a. stayed b. stay c. to stay d. had stayed

8. I will give you my address when I a somewhere to live.

a. find b. will find c. found d. have found

9. We don’t know c about car engines

a. nothing b. something c. anything d. everything

10. I b like the film nor the novel it’s based on

a. both b. neither c. so d. either

11. Is the baby a crying?

a. still b. yet c. else d. more

12. You needn’t say anything c

a. yet b. other c. else d. still

13. You needn’t c Mike.

a. say to b. told c. speak to d. spoke to

14. It’s a to cross the river in this place than over there.

a. less dangerous b. little dangerous c dangerous.
d. a . little dangerous

15. I wonder when he c back tomorrow.

a. will come b. would come c. comes d. coming

 

II. Open the brackets, using the verbs in the correct tenses.

The Car of the Future

A pessimist is a person who always expects bad things to happen. Pessimists think that today’s cars are in trouble because they use too much gas. They say the car of the future will be much, much smaller. The car of tomorrow will have no heater and no air conditioning. It will have no radio and no lights. Tomorrow’s car will be an open air car with no doors and windows. It won’t need a pollution control system because it won’t use gas. In fact drivers will push this new car with their feet. Very few people will be killed in accidents because the top speed will be five miles per hour. However, pessimists warn us not to ask for pretty colors, because the car will come in grey only.

Optimists are sure that the future will be happy. They think that car companies soon will solve all our problems by producing the Supercar. Tomorrow’s car will be bigger, faster and more comfortable than before. The Supercar will have four rooms, color TV, running water, heat, air conditioning and a swimming pool. Large families will travel on long trips in complete comfort. If gas is in short supply, the Supercar will run on water. Finally, optimists promise that the car of the future will come in any color, as long as the color is grey.

 

 

III Translate into English, using the appropriate forms of pronouns.

 

1. He is cold.2. They said this news to us yesterday.3. Tell me about London. 4. They are never at home.5. Call him to the phone.6. This is not his bag it’s hers. 7. Where are my glasses? Has anybody seen them? 8. He will show me his house and I’ll show him mine.9. This butterfly looks like flower. Aren’t its wings wonderful?

IV. Translate into English, using the appropriate tenses.

 

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  1. If you work properly you’ll pass exam.
  2. I don’t understand what these people are speaking about because I don’t know English.
  3. Did your brother have to repair his bike himself?
  4. Do you know Ann’s phone?-I don’t remember exactly, but I’ll look for it in my notebook.
  5. I was sitting by the window when I heard the noise.
  6. We haven’t seen Pete this week, but we saw him a couple of weeks ago.
  7. We have been walking along the road for two hours, when we saw the house.
  8. Don’t be late. The concert starts at ten.
  9. Tomorrow they will be working in the garden/
  10. After he had read all the letters, he went to the kitchen to make tea.

 

II Reading

I. Translate the following sentences into Russian.

 

1)Вавилон был одной из колыбелей цивилизации.2)Они копали большие каналы, чтобы добыть воду. 3) Они отправляли караваны в торговые експедиции.4) У каждого бизнесмена был маленький каменный цилиндр с картинкой, вырезанной на нем. 5)Завоеватели не принесли много идей.

 

II. Find the following words in the text and translate them into Russian.

 

To carry- нести; They dug big canals to carry the water. Они копали большие каналы, чтобы носить воду. a record-запись, This writing was used mostly for keeping records of such things as the sale of land and livestock.Эти надписи были использованы для записи таких вещей, как продажа земли и прирост населения; a ruler- правитель; About 3,700 years ago a leader from one of these tribes became the ruler of the land.Около 3.700 лет назад лидер одного из таких племен стал правителем земли. to bring- приносить; The invaders did not bring many new ideas.Завоеватели не принесли много новых идей. to roll-катить, катиться; He signed a paper by rolling his seal across the wet clay.Он подписывал документ, катая свою печать по мокрой глине.a part-часть As the map shows, Mesopotamia is part of a great «new moon» of rich land .Как показывают карты Месопотамия – это часть великого «новой луны» плодородных земель.

 

III. Translate the following pairs of sentences into Russian and say what part of speech the underlined words belong to.

 

1)Babylonians sent caravans on trading expeditions. Вавилоняне отправляли караваны в торговые экспедиции. Trading-adjective ( прил.). In their trading they used lumps of silver as money. В своих торговле, они использовали кусочки серебра в качестве денег. Trading-noun ( сущ.).2) The name Mesopotamia comes from the Greek words meaning «land between rivers». Имя Месопотамия пришло из греческого и означает « земля меж рек». Land- noun ( сущ.). They had to land at Bombay. Они вынуждены были причалить в Бомбее. Land- verb ( глагол). 3) All sorts of business papers were written in cuneiform.Все деловые бумаги были написаны клинописью. Business- adjective ( прил.). His business is farming. Его бизнес- фермерство. Business-noun ( сущ.). 4) Some of the seals were works of art.Некоторые печати были произведением искусства. Work- noun ( сущ.). He works with my sister. Он работает с моей сестрой. Work- verb ( глагол).

 

IV. Answer the questions about the text.

 

  1. The main rivers in western Asia are the Tigris and the Euphrates.
  2. The name Mesopotamia comes from the Greek words meaning «land between rivers».
  3. Yes, it was. It was one of the cradles of civilization.
  4. The Sumerians lived in the Land of the Two Rivers.
  5. They wrote with pointed sticks on soft clay tablets.
  6. About 3,700 years ago a leader from one of these tribes became the ruler of the land. His name was Hammurabi.
  7. He gathered together the laws of the land and carved on a great stone tablet. The were 282 laws.
  8. The people of Assur, who were called the Assyrians, conquered Babylonia.
  9. They were the great builders and built a lot of beautiful buildings.
  10. Babylonia was conquered by a desert tribe the Chaldoans.

 

V. Translate part 6 and 9 in writing.

6. Хамураби сделал Вавилон своей столицей. Его люди стали называться вавилоняне. При нем вавилоняне стали великими торговцами. Они отправляли караваны в торговые экспедиции. В своих торговле, они использовали кусочки серебра в качестве денег. Счета за товары писались клинописью. Такими же были все деловые документы. У многих из них были глиняные конверты. Каждый бизнесмен имел печать-маленький каменный цилиндр с картинкой выгравированной на нем. Он подписывал документ, катая свою печать по мокрой глине. Конверты запечатывались таким же образом. Некоторые печати были произведением искусства.

 

9. Ассирийцы были также великими строителями. Их столица была Ниневех, располагающаяся к северу от Вавилона. Стены Ниневех протягивались более чем на три мили вдоль Тигриса. Вдоль стен было много красивых зданий. Они были украшены скульптурами, некоторые из которых можно увидеть до сих пор.

Первая известная человечеству библиотека была построена императором Ассирии. Более чем 20.000 глиняных табличек были найдены в руинах библиотеки.

Несмотря на сильную армию, ассирийцы не смогли сохранить свою империю.

Вавилон был завоеван племенем из пустыни Халдонянами.

 

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