Практикум английского языка 5

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091513 0158 1 Практикум английского языка 51. Прочтите и переведите следующие слова и словосочетания; значения незнакомых слов определите по словарю

to receive – получать

full-time education – очное обучение

to maintain – содержать, поддерживать

studies (n) – занятия

attendance (n) – посещаемость

to attend – посещать

degree – ученая степень

to pay fees – заработная плата, жалованье

to provide – способствовать

term (school) – термин

free (about money) – бедный (свободный)

ability – способность

compulsory – обязательный

comprehensive school – общеобразовательная школа

level – уровень

advanced – продвижение, успех

primary – начальный

tutor – преподаватель

to proceed – приступать

various – различный

private – личный

 

2. Прочтите и перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык

 

1. All children in Britain have to receive a full-time education from the ages of 5 to 16.

В Великобритании все дети в возрасте от 5 до 16 лет имеют возможность получить общее образование.

2. Some children attend private schools where parents must pay for education.

Некоторые дети посещают частные школы, в которых родители должны платить за образование.

3. They may be selective, such as grammar school, secondary schools or comprehensive schools.

Они могут выбирать, гимназию, среднюю школы или общеобразовательную.

 

3. Прочтите и перепишите предложения. Подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его временную форму. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

 

1. All children receive a full time primary education. (Present Indefinite)

Все дети получают начальное полное образование

2. My friend is
attending a private college. (Present Continuous)

Мой друг посещает частный колледж

3. The work moved on to a new level (Past Indefinite)

Работа перешла на следующий уровень

4. His parents were paying for his tutor for two years (Past Continuos)

Его родители платили за репетитора в течение двух лет

 

4. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в форме Present simple/Present Continuous, Future Simple, Past Simple /Past Continuous. Где возможно, укажите варианты:

1. He has an ability for studies.

2. My sister gets (will get, got) her academic degree this year.

3. They were talking to a tutor, when I arrived.

The school will provide us all the papers next month.

 

5. В данных словосочетаниях образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных, используя суффиксы –er/est или слова more/the most

moderner school

the most modern school

a more wide range

the widest range

younger people

the youngest people

the most advanced students

more advanced students

the most developed industry

 

6. Вставьте одно из местоимений them/their/they, обращая внимание на их место и функцию в предложениях:

 

1. Their academic year is divided into three terms.

2. I will see my tutors discuss the research with them.

2. They may proceed to a Barchelor’s degree.

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7. Поставьте каждое из данных предложений в отрицательную и вопросительную форму:

 

1. The students reach certain standards in various subjects.

The students don’t reach certain standards in various subjects.

Do the students reach certain standards in various subjects?

 

2. The tutors supervised our studies.

The tutors supervised our studies.

Did the tutors supervised our studies?

 

 

 

3. The pupils are taking examinations in several chosen subjects.

The pupils are not taking examinations in several chosen subjects.

Are the pupils taking examinations in several chosen subjects?

 

4. This college was providing advanced special training.

This college wasn’t providing advanced special training.

Was the college was providing advanced special training?

 

5. We will maintain high standards of a private school.

We won’t maintain high standards of a private school.

Will we maintain high standards of a private school?

 

8. Вставьте a/an, the или нулевой артикль в следующих предложениях. Где возможно, дайте варианты:

 

1. The colleges provide special training for … technicians and professional people.

2. The GGE shows that a student has received a general education.

3. The highest degrees of Master and Doctor.

4. The term starts in October and lasts an eight weeks.

 

9. Переведите словосочетания на английский язык, используя притяжательный падеж выделенных существительных

 

1. уровень нашего экзамена – a level of our examination

2. лекция этого профессора – this tutor’s lecture

3. занятия этих студентов – the students’ studies

 

 

 

 

10. Прочтите текст «Education in Britain». Переведите 3-й, 4-й, 5-й параграфы письменно на русский язык

 

Before leaving school pupils may take examinations in several chosen subjects for the General Certificate of Education (GGE), with, as its name implies, shows that the holder has received a general education and has reached certain standards in various subjects. The examinations are of two levels; ordinary (O-level), and advanced (A-level).

Full-time education does not end for all young people when they have finished at the secondary school. Some of them decide that extra years spent a university, polytechnic or college will be worth while.

The academic year, as a rule, is divided into three terms; it starts in October, each term lasting eight weeks at Oxford and Cambridge, or ten weeks at other institutions. Students hear lectors given by professors, readers, and lecturers. Their studies are supervised by tutors.

 

При окончании школы школьники могут сдать тексты по нескольким выбранным предметам для получения общего свидетельства об образовании (GGE), поскольку даже его название подразумевает получение общего образования и соответствия некоторым стандартам по различным предметам. Тесты имеют два уровня; обычный (O-уровень), и продвинутый (A-уровень).

Обучение в течение всей рабочей недели не заканчивается для всех молодых людей, которые окончили в средней школе. Некоторые из них решают, что дополнительные годы, которые потратят на учебу в университете, техникуме или колледже будет иметь смысл.

Академический год, как правило, разделен на три семестра, начинается в октябре, продолжительность каждого семестра составляет восемь недель в Оксфорде и Кембридж, или десять недель в других учреждениях. Студенты слушают лекции, читаемых профессорами, преподавателями и лекторами. Их обучение контролируются наставниками.

11. Дайте развернутые ответы на следующие вопросы:

 

1. What do all children in Britain have to receive?

All children in Britain have to receive a full-time education from the ages of 5 to 16.

 

2. What are the types of schools in Britain?

State maintained primary schools, private schools, where parents must pay fees for education of their children.

 

3.    Which types of secondary schools are there?

I may be selective as grammar schools, providing academic education; secondary modern schools giving a general education with a practical bias, secondary technical schools training technicians in industry and agriculture; or comprehensive schools, which take without reference to ability or aptitude and provide a wide range of education for all or most of the children in a district.

 

4.    How can pupils receive the General Certificate of Education? What does this certificate show?

Before leaving school pupils may take examinations in several chosen subjects for the General Certificate of Education (GGE), with, as its name implies, shows that the holder has received a general education and has reached certain standards in various subjects. The examinations are of two levels; ordinary (O-level), and advanced (A-level).

 

5.    Where may young people go after finishing secondary school?

a university, polytechnic or college

 

6.    How is the academic year divided in different institutions?

The academic year, sa a rule, is divided into three terms; in starts in October, each term lasting weeks at Oxford and Cambridge, or ten weeks at other institutions.

 

7.    What may a student proceed to after three years at a university?

After three years of study at a university a student may proceed to a Bachelor’s degree; and later to the degrees of Master and Doctor. Polytechnics and colleges provide advanced special training for technicians and professional people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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