Практикум английского языка 8

<

091513 0230 1 Практикум английского языка 8 1.1. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст

The criminal justice system is composed of those agencies which must enforce the laws that society has enacted for its self-protection and preservation. Theoretically, it is an integrated apparatus whose functions are to apprehended, prosecute, convict, sentence, and correct offenders. The USA system is federal by its nature, i. e, it consists: of three subsystems; state, local and federal criminal justice agencies. The system is composed, of three components: police, court, corrections. Each component must contribute, to the same, goal the prevention and control of crime and the rehabilitation of offenders. So the effectiveness of the whole system depends on the efficient functioning of each component and their efficient interaction. But at the present the criminal justice system doesn’t work successfully. Of the several million serious crimes reported every year to police, ranging from murder to car theft only one in nine results in a conviction. The rate of solution varies with different crimes. Murder is usually reported, and 86 per cent of all reported murders lead to arrests. Among those arrested, however, only 64 per cent are prosecuted and not more than 43 per cent of the cases prosecuted result in convictions. Of persons prosecuted for murder 19 per cent are convicted of the lesser crime and 38 per cent are acquitted or dismissed. In contrast, only 19 per cent of all the burglaries reported to police lead to an arrest. Four out of five arrested are prosecuted and 56 per cent are lead to an arrest. So, for every twelve burglaries reported there is one conviction. Robbery-taking property from a person by force or threat of force — is a crime of violence, dangerous to life and increasing rapidly. But chances of a robber being convicted are small. Only 27 per cent of ail robberies lead to an arrest. Of those arrested, 63 per cent are prosecuted, of whom one-half are convicted. Less than two-third of the cases in which individuals are charged with murder and robbery are prosecutable. Often the reasons are: insufficient evidence, mistaken identity unprofessional work enforcement, agencies, etc. Long delays in trials may lead to dismissals because witnesses die or disappear, evidence is stale or lost. When we consider the performance of correctional agencies, the failure of the criminal justice system becomes quite evident. While there may be only one conviction for every fifty or more serious crimes, only one in four convicted will go to prison, and most who are imprisoned will commit crimes after their release. Thus from among the very small portion of all the people who commit serious crimes and are finally imprisoned, the system fails to rehabilitate majority.

 

1.2. Найдите английские эквиваленты по тексту

 

– с применением силы или под угрозой силы – by force or threat of force

– преступление – crime

  • регистрируемые ежегодно полицией – reported every year to police
  • коэффициент раскрываемости – the rate of solution
  • длительные задержки в судебном разбирательстве – long delays in trials
  • быть обвиняемым в убийстве или грабеже – are charged with murder and robbery
  • приводить осуждению – result in convictions;

    – предупреждение и борьба с преступлениями – the prevention and control of crime.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


    Задание 2

     

    2.1. Заполните анкеты по данному образцу

     

  1. Full names Dimitry
  2. Address Krasniodar-city, Lenina street
  3. Marital status single
  4. Date of birth on July, 19th, 1987
  5. Nationality Russian
  6. Contact telephone 2-300-400
  7. School education From 1994 To 2005
  8. Higher education or special training the first-year student
  9. What degree a diploma or certificate obtained – the certificate about the termination of high school
  10. Languages – Russian, English
  11. Work Experience – small operational
  12. Interpersonal Qualities – sympathetic, sociable, diligent, inquisitive, patient

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    3. Задание

     

    3.1. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст

     

    The form of the US government is based on the Constitution of 1787, adopted after the War of Independence. A «constitution» in American political languages means the set of rules, laws, regulations and customs which together provide the political norms or standards regulating the work of the government. The document known as the Constitution of the United States, though a basic document is only a part of the body of rules customs which form the whole of the American Constitution. Supreme Court designs, interpreting parts of the US Constitution, laws, regulations, customs, are pan of the basic law (the so-called live contrition). Most historians regard the US Constitution as an essentially conservative document. The US Constitution consists of the Preamble, seven articles, and twenty six amendments, the first ten of them called collectively the Bill of Rights and adopted under the popular pressure in 1791. When the Constitution was first proposed in 1787, there was widespread dissatisfaction because it didn’t contain guarantees of certain basic freedoms and individuals rights. The Constitution consolidated those gains of the revolution that were advantageous for the capitalist class significantly; nothing was said about the elementary bourgeois-democratic freedoms. In December, 1791, the Congress adopted ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights. The Bill enumerated what the government controlled by the oligarchy, was not going to be allowed to do. It was, of course, an important democratic gain for the people at that time. But nowadays some of these ten amendments are relatively unimportant.

    The Bill of Right is something violated by the judicial and law enforcement practice.

    Americans feel that of all the freedoms proclaimed in the Constitution only one freedom – freedom of enterprise is in fact guaranteed.

    If there is no freedom to work, no guaranteed labour, you face unemployment and poverty. The main freedoms after all a man needs are a lift of security, a guaranteed income and guaranteed health care.

     

    3.2. Перескажите текст по вопросам:

     

    1 . What does a «constitution» in American political language mean?

     

    A «constitution» in American political languages means the set of rules, laws, regulations and customs which together provide the political norms or standards regulating the work of the government.

     

  13. What is the US Constitution aimed at? Why?

     

    The document known as the Constitution of the United States, though a basic document is only a part of the body of rules customs which form the whole of the American Constitution

     

  14. What does the US Constitution consist of?

    Supreme Court designs, interpreting parts of the US Constitution, laws, regulations, customs, are pan of the basic law (the so-called live contrition).

    The US Constitution consists of the Preamble, seven articles, and twenty six amendments, the first ten of them called collectively the Bill of Rights and adopted under the popular pressure in 1791.

     

  15. Why was there wide-spread dissatisfaction among the people when the
    Constitution was first proposed in 1787?

     

    When the Constitution was first proposed in 1787, there was widespread dissatisfaction because it didn’t contain guarantees of certain basic freedoms and individuals rights.

     

  16. What did this dissatisfaction among the people lead to (result in)?

     

    The Constitution consolidated those gains of the revolution that were advantageous for the capitalist class significantly; nothing was said about the elementary bourgeois-democratic freedoms.

     

  17. Was the adoption of the Bill of Rights important democratic gain at that
    time?

     

    In December, 1791, the Congress adopted ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights. The Bill enumerated what the government controlled by the oligarchy, was not going to be allowed to do. It was, of course, an important democratic gain for the people at that time. But nowadays some of these ten amendments are relatively unimportant.

     

  18. What are the main freedoms a man needs?

     

    The main freedoms after all a man needs are a lift of security, a guaranteed income and guaranteed health care.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Задание 4

     

    4. Грамматика

    4.1. Заполните пропуски артиклями a/an, the, где необходимо :

    1 . My sister is the doctor in Regional Hospital.

  19. The main landmass of the USA lies in central North America
  20. What desert is larger Gobi or Sahara?
  21. My father often told me how he traveled in Caucasus.
  22. My mother was born in Moscow.

     

    4.2.    Вставьте подходящий по смыслу предлог

     

    1 . They often go on a walk to the park.

    2. I don’t like to sit at the window.

    3 . She stood and went into the room .

  23. He took some books from the table and put them in his bag.
  24. We went the home on foot.

     

    4.3.    Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени от следующих прилагательных и наречий

     

    Сравнительная

    Превосходная

    <

    good

    better

    (the) best

    beautiful 

    more beautiful

    most beautiful

    late 

    later

    (the) latest

    many 

    more

    (the) most

    happily 

    more happily

    most happily

    long 

    longer

    (the) longest

    young 

    younger

    (the) youngest

    difficult 

    difficult 

    difficult 

    near 

    nearer

    (the) nearest

    thin 

    more thin

    most thin

     

     

    4.4.    Образуйте множественное число:

    money

    money

    information 

    information

    a woman 

    women

    a knife 

    knifes

    a wife 

    wives

    a city 

    cities

    a town 

    towns

    a man 

    men

    a tram 

    trams

    a lesson 

    lessons

    a text 

    texts

     

    4.5.    Заполните пропуски нужным притяжательным местоимением (my,
    your, his, her, our, their).

    1 . Is this Miss Brown’s coat? — No, it’s not, its coat is grey

  25. What is your name?
  26. We have 2 children their names are Liza and Dima.
  27. Is this Alexander’s dog? -No his dog is brown and white.
  28. Our children go to bed at half past ten.

     

    4.6. Напишите следующие числительные

    1. Количественные

    3 three

    5 five

    11 eleven

    12 thirteen

    24 twenty four

    69 sixty nine

    325 three hundred twenty five

    1005 one thousand five

     

    2. Порядковые

    1 the first

    2 the second

    15 the fifteenth

    23 twenty third

    84 eighty four

    149 hundred forty nine

    150 hundred fifty

    208 two hundred eighth

     

    4.7.    Заполните глаголы to be.

  29. You are first- year students.
  30. We are busy now.
  31. They are present today.
  32. He is at the home on Sundays.
  33. 5. I ‘m at English lesson now.

     

    4.8.    Определите, в каком лице и числе стоят глаголы:

    He studies, do you know? Среднее лицо единственное число

    they live среднее лицо множественное число

    my friend reads мужское лицо единственное число

    the students learn мужское лицо множественное число

    his sister doesn’t written женское лицо единственное число

    Peter translates мужское лицо единственное число

     

     

     

    4.9.    Поставьте сказуемое в соответствующую временную форму

     

  34. We (to study) Criminal law next year. We shall study criminal next year

     

  35. The students (to learn) a new words yesterday.

    The students studied a new words yesterday

     

  36. My friend (to go) to the Institute every day?

    My friend to goes to the Institute every day?

     

  37. … you (to see) him next Saturday?
  38. Will you see him next Saturday?

     

  39. He (to come) home at 6 o’clock last night.

     

    He come home at 6 o’clock last night.

<

Комментирование закрыто.

MAXCACHE: 0.93MB/0.00033 sec

WordPress: 21.95MB | MySQL:118 | 1,348sec