Europe: a continent with thousands of years of history, a rich cultural heritage and some of the world’s most beautiful scenery. So much for the traveler to discover!
What’s more, the European Union (EU) has done a lot to make traveling in Europe simpler. Within the EU, you can cross most borders without being checked and the euro makes it easier to shop around for bargains.
If you drive, your driving license and motor insurance policy issued in an EU country are valid in the other countries, and you can use your mobile phone everywhere.
Travelling in Europe provides practical information for tourists traveling within the EU. You will find information on documentation, shopping, driving, healthcare, communications, weather, public holidays, cultural events and help if things go wrong.
Europe: a lot to discover
An exciting new dimension has been added for travelers in Europe with 10 countries from central eastern and southern Europe joining the European Union on 1 May 2004. The external borders of the EU have stretched eastwards to include the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia and southwards to embrace Malta and Cyprus. This has increased the land area by over 23% and the population by 75 million and has added a rich mixture of history and culture.
Europe’s natural beauty is a great attraction for travelers, from mountain grandeur to rocky coastlines and sandy beaches, from lush green pastures to arid plains, from lakes and forests to arctic tundra.
The wealth of Europe’s historic heritage is evident everywhere: — prehistoric cave paintings, Greek and Roman antiquities, Viking and Moorish influences, medieval fortresses, renaissance palaces and baroque churches, and much, much more.
There are winter and summer sports to be tried, vibrant modern cities to be explored, art and music to be enjoyed, all complemented by fine food, wine and beer.
Travelling around the EU has become progressively easier over the years with the removal of most passport and baggage formalities and with the introduction of the euro in 12 EU countries. This makes life much easier for travelers who can now compare prices directly and no longer have the cost and inconvenience of exchanging money within the euro zone. The expansion of the EU’s single market with the arrival of the 10 new countries will bring even wider choice and lower prices for all of us.
2.1 Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы к нему письменно.
THE OUTSET OF TOURISM IN RUSSIA
In the 18th century (1777) the first organized group of young men from noble families of Russia made the first trip abroad. They toured around Germany, Switzerland, Italy and France. The purpose of the tour was to get familiar with local universities and art galleries.
In the same 18th century the first guide books for leisure travellers on Moscow and St. Petersburg were published. Those manuals gave details of sights and art collections in the old and the new capital of Russia.
Thomas Cook Company was very well-known in Russia. But the country’s first national travel agency emerged in «St. Petersburg in 1885. It was founded by L. Lipson. The travel agency got the name of the «Enterprise for Public Travel to All Parts of the World».
In 1901 the Russian Tourist Society came into being. However, only well-off noble people were its members.
After the October Revolution tourism in Russia involved common people, too. In 1929 the Society of Proletarian Tourism was created.
As a matter of Fact, our reputable the «Intourist» Joint-Stock Company, which used to deal with international tourism during the Soviet period, was organized as long ago as in 1929, too.
When did the first organized group in Russia make the first trip abroad?
What kind of group was it?
Where did they travel?
What was the purpose of their tour?
What sort of guide books were published in the 18th century?
When did the first national travel agency of Russia emerge? What was its name?
7. When did tourism in Russia start involving common people too? 8.How old is the «Intourist» Joint-Stock Company?
3.1. Составьте свой вариант электронного письма о бронировании
I am writing to reserve a room for three nights from Tuesday 13 November. My train arrives at 11 o’clock in the evening and I wanted to be sure there is no problem if I do not check in until late at night. Also is there 24-hour room service on offer? If not, what time does it finish? I am meeting a client in the morning and taking her to lunch afterwards, so can you recommend a good restaurant in the area? I am planning to stay for three nights initially but I may extend my visit. Will there be a problem if I do not tell you until later in the week if I am staying for an extra night?
4.1 Переведите на английский язык.
1. Пусть они помогут нам.
Давайте пойдем в ресторан сегодня.
Не курите здесь!
Давайте закажем ужин в этом кафе.
Позвольте мне познакомить Вас с моим другом.
4.2 Раскройте скобки, используя герундий
I’m afraid of (to be) late for dinner.
My room needs (to tidy up).
The guests enjoyed (to stay) at the hotel.
Broiler chickens are good for (to grill).
4.3 Раскройте скобки, используя причастия.
1. The meals (to serve) in our restaurant are not very expensive.
(to finish) their breakfast the guests paid the bill.
What she (to cook) now? — She (to roast) steaks.
4.4 Раскройте скобки и переведите предложения со сложным дополнением
1.1 heard her (play) the piano.
2.1 want her (learn) English.
3. That is too difficult for you to do, let me (help) you.